Banning moonlight to raise revenue

Following the accession of Emperor Taizu of the Later Liang 後梁太祖 (r. 907-912), a jester used an indirect way to criticize an unfair tax using the reductio ad absurdum technique; this involves taking a policy or idea to a logical extreme to demonstate its absurdity, a clever means to avoid the head-on collision with power that direct criticism could cause. 

Quotation: Xin Wudai shi 新五代史 by Ouyang Xiu 歐陽脩

In this case, the joke raised a laugh but doesn’t appear to have reversed the policy, unlike other cases we’ll be sharing. 

When Li Maozhen 李茂貞 (856-924) occupied Qi, he was tolerant and generous and people were tranquil under his rule, but it was a poor area that did not yield much tax revenue and so he established an oil monopoly to raise money.  He forbade people to bring firewood into the city for torches so that more profit could be made from the sale of oil.  A jester recommended that moonlight be prohibited so that more oil would be needed for light. Li laughed and did not become angry.

茂貞居岐,以寬仁愛物,民頗安之,嘗以地狹賦薄,下令搉油,因禁城門無內松薪,以其可為炬也,有優者誚之曰:「臣請並禁月明。」茂貞笑而不怒。

 

Source: Xin Wudai shi 新五代史 (The Historical Records of the Five Dynasties), by Ouyang Xiu 歐陽脩 (1007-72) and others, fol. 40, Siku Quanshu 四庫全書 (Shanghai: Guji Chubanshe, 1987), vol. 279, p. 249b.  

Note: Another version is given in Leishuo 類說, by Zeng Zao 曾慥 (c. 1131-93), fol. 12, Siku Quanshu 四庫全書 (Shanghai: Guji Chubanshe, 1987), vol. 873, p. 205b, which attributes this joke to a jester from the Court Entertainments Bureau, An Peixin 安轡新 (Fitting New Bridle).

Photo credit: hansbenn at pixabay

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